Types of Fitness Training

Fitness training can be achieved utilizing many different training types and methods with no certain type being better than the other because they each have a different purpose.  If your goal is to gain muscle then you will want to do a different type of fitness training than the person who wants to gain cardiovascular endurance.  Of course, if you are striving for both muscle gain and cardiovascular endurance then you should combine the both.  Look at the different types of fitness training outlined below to determine the type that is best suited for your goals.

Strength Training

This type can also be though of as weight-liftiing because this typically involves some kind of body movement against resistance.  By moving various muscle groups against resistance, your muscles will respond by getting stronger and larger.  You will need to continue increasing the amount of resistance in order to maintain muslce growth.  This type of fitness training is usually done with free weights including barbells, dumbbells, kettle balls, etc.  It can also be acheived through various types of resistance machines, and your own body weight.

Aerobic Training

In the same way strength training helps to build stronger muscles throughout your body, aerobic training helps to strengthen your heart muscle.  In aerobic training, oxygen fuels the energy producing mechanisms of muscle fiber and helps to improve cardio-respiratory endurance.  It also helps to lower the resting heart rate and increase the stroke volume (the volume of blood pumped with each beat).

Circuit Training

Circuit training is the ultimate in fat loss as is combines high intensity aerobic training with resistance training.  During this type of training, you will move from one exercise to the other with minimal rest time in between.  Circuit training is great for those who want a full body workout or are looking to lose fat.

Interval Training

Interval training is similar to circuit training but usually calls for short bursts of high intensity exercise followed by a predetermined amount of rest before moving on to the next set of exercise.  It is usually done using an interval timer or stop watch in order to stay on track with a set amount of time during and between exercises.


In this popular type of training, the core muscles are the main focus.  Slow movements and holds utilizing the muscles in the midsection along with proper breathing techniques provides the basic foundation for this effective type of training.


Most sports that can be considered a type of fitness training will be classified as aerobic training.  Basketball, football, soccer, track & field, swimming and baseball all require aerobic conditioning in order for you to be an effective participant.

Fitness training comes in many forms with each providing unique benefits.  If you know what your fitness goals are and you know what you enjoy doing, finding the type of fitness training that suits you best should be easy.  You need to be involved in a type of fitness training that is enjoyable to you.  If you don’t enjoy the activity, you will likely not stick with it.